Education in Toxicology and Systems Thinking
In most professions, the people that create something have responsibility for the safety of what they create. This is not true in the field of chemistry. All chemists need to understand the consequences to the world and its inhabitants of what they create and study. Yet, virtually no training programs for chemists include the requirement of a course in molecular toxicology. The basic principles of chemical dose-response, bioavailability, bioaccumulation, and biomagnification need to be understood by chemists as well as the molecular level understanding of the fundamentals of acute and chronic toxicity, carcinogenicity, and endocrine disruption, among all relevant human health endpoints.